Centre for Computing Technologies (TZI)
University of Bremen, Am Fallturm 1, D-28359 Bremen
In content-based image retrieval we are faced with continuously growing image databases that require efficient and effective search strategies. In this context, shapes play a particularly important role, especially as soon as not only the overall appearance of images is of interest, but if actually their content is to be analysed, or even to be recognised. In this paper we argue in favour of numeric features which characterise shapes by single numeric values. Therewith, they allow compact representations and efficient comparison algorithms. That is, pairs of shapes can be compared with constant time complexity. We introduce three numeric features which are based on a qualitative relational system. The evaluation with an established benchmark data set shows that the new features keep up with other features pertaining to the same complexity class. Furthermore, the new features are well-suited in order to supplement existent methods.
Gottfried, B., Schuldt, A., and Herzog, O. (2007). Extent, Extremum, and Curvature: Qualitative Numeric Features for Efficient Shape Retrieval. In Hertzberg, J., Beetz, M., and Englert, R. (eds.): 30th Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI 2007). Osnabrück, Germany, September 10-13, 2007. LNAI 4667, Springer-Verlag, pp. 308-322.